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Nutrition
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Catfish Vendor 0 S. McCain Does anyone have a catfish vendor other than McRoberts? Thanks!
by S. McCain
Thursday, March 2, 2017
Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) 0 A. Nicholson The conversation started on the AAZV Listserv by the initial post.  Please continue the conversation here so it will be a resource for the colleagues of AAZV. Vickie Clyde has provided a summary for reference.  "The VFD has affected the safari park that I work at. Obviously these animals are not in the food chain, but we still have to jump through the FDA hoops to get medicated feed from a distributor. Unfortunately medicated feed is often the most efficient way to treat such a large group of free ranging animals. Are there any other institutions on the list that are dealing with this issue? If so, how did you handle it?" David Hannon, DVM, DABVP-Avian TN Safari Park "I have been writing VFD's for years for fish and now we must for all feed and water antibiotics. It really isn't a big deal most of the manufacturers have web based fillable forms. Fill it out, give it to your feed supplier, get the feed then feed it. Of course you have to keep records and there are restrictions as to use, the primary being no extra label use. There are exemptions for extra label use for minor species. AVMA has a wonderful tutorial." Michael D. Stafford DVM Fair Grove Veterinary Service "It really is not a big deal, just different. We can do this. Trust me, zoos are easy compared to other industries!" Brian joseph, DVM WA state vet and Aazv member for over 30 years "I have a large animal practice as well as exotics and zoos, you cannot believe how many cussins I have taken the last two weeks! Valid veterinary/client/patient relationship now has meaning!" Michael D. Stafford DVM Fair Grove Veterinary Service "I am just beginning to explore this with some endangered fish being hatchery raised by USFWS down outside of Las Vegas. I'll let you know what my experiences are, but any lag time in receiving medicated feed will likely result in all fish dying." Peregrine L. Wolff, DVM Wildlife Veterinarian,Nevada Department of Wildlife "Skretting or Rangen either one will accept the vfd and have the feed to you as quick as you can afford. Both are very easy to work with. I have received feed within 24 hours in Southwest Missouri from Idaho, of course the shipping is more than the cost of the feed but worth it when fish are dying." Michael D. Stafford DVM "I might also mention that in dire circumstances I mix the medication myself into the Mazuri gel diet and feed it." Michael D. Stafford DVM "Here is a resource that should help some of you. https://www.beefcattleinstitute.org/veterinary-feed-directive/" Rob Hunter
by A. Nicholson
Friday, January 20, 2017
Red Panda Diets 2 C. Whitten Thanks for the reply.
by C. Whitten
Wednesday, October 5, 2016
Penguin supplements 0 T. Gilbert   Hi, I'm reviewing our penguin diet and have some questions.  We have African penguins who are fed capelin and supplemented with Mazuri Vita Zu small bird tablets (5M25).  I've read through the Penguin Husbandry Manual, but I don' t have access to a nutritionist or the ability to have an analysis done.  My question is, should we be using the vitamin form without the added Vitamin A or the form with it?  We are increasing our dose to two pills a day because one was too low as far as thiamine supplementation.    Thanks for any information that you can share. Tracey
by T. Gilbert
Thursday, July 14, 2016
Mineral Blocks 1 K. Wolyn I'm not sure mineral blocks are necessary in any hoofstock who gets a pelleted feed - presumably formulated feeds contain sufficient minerals.This said, you may want to consult with a zoo nutritionist. :-)
by M. Limoges
Friday, May 13, 2016
Giraffe nutrition 0 A. Olson We have a pair of giraffes, male 14 and female 15.  The female recently had her 5th calf and is in great body condition.  The male is larger framed and has a slightly lower body condition score than the female, but is in good shape and health.   Recently the male has had clumpy fecals that sometimes lack a pelleted shape.  Many fecals have been run by centrifugation, Modified McMasters, and direct.  All have been negative.  The only change they have had is 2 years ago being held at another zoo while we were in flood recovery.  They returned in 2013.  Their diets have been reviewed by DAK nutritionist and they are currently on Mazuri Wild Herbivore Low Starch with high protein Alfalfa.  They also receive a low starch hoofstock pellet for shifting/training and some produce for training purposes. Fresh browse is available in summer, frozen in winter, with some fresh bamboo available in winter.   We are in a northern climate so they are in a secured, heated barn with temperature sensors and alarms. They are housed in the barn usually from October through April depending on weather conditions.  The temperature in the barn is set at 70 degrees.  Overnight one of the furnaces quit but the barn stayed above 65 degrees until morning. Staff noted the male was shaking/shivering and the furnace on his side of the barn was the one that was not functioning.   The furnace was repaired and heat turned up to increase temperature to 75 degrees.  He continued to eat browse, shifting pellets, and some produce, but refused WHLS and alfalfa.  He stopped shaking halfway though the day.   My question is how quickly do we need to be concerned about Acute Mortality Syndrome?  He seems much more comfortable now but is still not acting quite normal.  Appetite is definitely decreased.  Any ideas would be welcome!  Ann
by A. Olson
Monday, December 22, 2014
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