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guam_rail_ssp_tag_vag_annual_report_2007_recertification

Veterinary Advisory Group Recertification 2007

Guam Rail Veterinary Advisor

Deidre K. Fontenot, DVM

Veterinarian, Disney’s Animal Programs

P. O. Box 10,000

Lake Buena Vista, FL  32830- 1000

OFFICE 407- 939-6238, FAX 407- 939- 6391

Deidre.k.Fontenot@disney.com 

Annual report submitted for web posting 

SSP/TAG:   Guam Rail SSP   DATE: 1 July 2007 

VETERINARY ADVISOR CONTACT INFORMATION:

Name:      Deidre K Fontenot, DVM 

email:  deidre.k.fontenot@disney.com

Address:  P. O. Box 10,000

          Lake Buena Vista, FL  32830- 1000

Phone:  OFFICE 407- 939-6238, FAX 407- 939- 6391 

MORBIDITY (Significant illnesses/issues facing this species this year):

    • Some institutions are experiencing high morbidity and mortality in other avian species due to arboviral disease and are choosing to vaccine with either the Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and/ or the West Nile Virus (WNV) vaccine.
      • The SSP vet advisor does not currently recommend vaccination at this time, but leaves these collection decisions up to the institutional veterinarians.
      • It is recognized, however, that serology is the method of screening for birds going to Guam at this time.  Current recommendation and policy is that no serologically positive birds have been sent to Guam.  Vaccination will obviously cause positive titers and can influence whether birds are sent to Guam at this time.
 

MORTALITY (Causes of death in this year):

Cause of Death     SB #   Sex  Age

None reported to SSP vet advisor 
 

BIRTHS:  none reported to SSP vet advisor

Males:       Females:

Number of pairs recommended for breeding:

Number of pairs bred:

Number of births:

      MALES:  mother-reared:   hand-reared:

      FEMALES: mother-reared:   hand-reared: 
 

ANESTHESTIC PROTOCOLS (Please list successful and unsuccessful protocols):

Isoflurane or sevoflurane inhalant anesthesia is still the standard for anesthesia in this species 

VACCINE RECOMMENDATIONS ( including: Vaccine reactions, new vaccines to be considered):

None recommended at this time, see above notes regarding EEE/WNv vaccination 

CONTRACEPTION (Methods used, successes, failures):

No contraceptive methods have been reported on needed with this species 
 

ACTIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS:

Health assessment of captive breeding population on Guam 

NUTRITIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS:

Preliminary histopathology and antemortem liver biopsies have noted incidents of hemosiderosis, consider low iron omnivore or carnivore pelleted product if using kibble in diets 

NEW HEALTH CARE RECOMMENDATIONS: 
 
 
 

NEW SSP/TAG PROTOCOLS:

    • Disney’s Animal Kingdom has started pre-release quarantine for birds going to Guam
      • Current institutions for pre-release quarantine include only SDZ and DAK.  CRC is likely not performing any pre-release quarantine in the future but will complete their commitment for birds in September 2005. 
 
 

INFORMATION FROM THE FIELD:

    • Completed in situ health assessment of captive population, published
      • Prevalence of fecal acid fast positive birds: 10 % shedding of MAC organisms in the population, TB workups of birds not lost to follow up did not reveal any evidence of systemic MAC, suspect GI pass through due to inability to remove from natural substrate prior to testing. 
      • Prevalence of arboviral serologic activity: none found on island
      • Prevalence of giardia +/- other flagellate believed to be causing disease in in situ captive population:  small giardia- like flagellates detected on fresh fecals of clinically normal birds, submitted for identification butlab unable to find and ID organisms.  Suspect normal commensals that have been documented in overgrowth situations in clinically abnormal birds. 
      • Prevalence of sub clinical campylobacter shedding:  none found on island, appears to be isolated to mainland population at this time.  
    • Investigating other diagnostic options for presence of Mycobacteria avium complex (MAC) in birds: inconclusive results found from in situ health assessment.  Not recommended at this time as methodology for routine testing. 
      • Fecal MAC PCR under investigation at U Miami (150 samples submitted from in situ health assessment): all negative despite 10% shedding in the population
      • MAC serology (ELISA) under investigation at U Miami (75 samples submitted from in situ health assessment):  positive and negative results noted, no direct correlation with shedding and /or disease (no disease found)
 

REFERENCES FOR THE BIBLIOGRAPHY/WEBSITE: 
 
 

    • Animal Kingdom will start pre-release quarantine for birds going to Guam in 2005. 
      • Current institutions for pre-release quarantine include only SDZ and DAK.  CRC is likely not performing any pre-release quarantine in the future but will complete their commitment for birds in September 2005. 
  • Actions from SSP Veterinary advisor
    • Complete medical husbandry section for the husbandry manual
    • Facilitate transition for DAK as pre-release quarantine site for rails going to Guam
      • First group of birds expected to arrive Fall 2005
 
 

We will continue to use the annual report form on website which covers.

        1. Vaccination protocols
        2. Anesthesia protocols
        3. Medical protocols
        4. Bibliography
 
    1. Other updated annual veterinary protocols
      1. Necropsy protocols
      2. Research/sample requests
      3. BBAG requests
 
    1. 2 Letters of support
      1. SSP Chair
      2. Your institution’s (CEO/Director) letter of support for involvement in the SSP (meetings, time spent etc.). This will hopefully alert your institution to the good work being done and highlight the need to support meeting attendance and time commitments.
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