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SSP/TAG:             Jaguar                                                            DATE: March 19, 2004



Name:  Sharon L. Deem                                                  e-mail:


Address:             Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park

3001 Connecticut Avenue, Washington DC 20008                                                            

Phone: (day) 202 673 7980 (evening) 301 585 4956             (FAX) 202 673 4733


MORBIDITY (Significant illnesses/issues facing this species this year):


  1. Intraspecific fighting.  A female had her foot amputated after trauma during introduction to male.  This case report emphasizing long-term care will be presented at AAZV/WDA/AAWV in 2004.


2.            Possible over-representation of epistaxis in captive jaguars.  This will be presented at AAZV/WDA/AAWV 2004.



MORTALITY (Causes of death in this year):


Cause of Death                                                 SB #               Sex                 Age


None reported to the SSP.





Fort Worth Zoo 0.2 cubs in November 2003

Houston Zoo 0.0.2 cubs in December 2003

Audubon 0.0.2 cubs in January 2004



Number of pairs recommended for breeding:

Number of pairs bred:

Number of births:

            MALES:  mother-reared:                                    hand-reared:

            FEMALES: mother-reared:                                    hand-reared:



SSP veterinary advisor is working to obtain this information from the SSP coordinator.


ANESTHESTIC PROTCOLS (Please list successful and unsuccessful protocols):


No unsuccessful protocols brought to the attention of SSP


Previous reviews of anesthetic protocols in


Deem, S.L. 2002.  Free Ranging Animals – Central and South America: Jaguar (Carnivora: Felidae).  In: Heard, D. (Ed.), Zoological Restraint and Anesthesia.  Ithaca: International Veterinary Information Service (, 2002; document B0183.0102. books/Heard/deem/chapter_frm asp?LA=1



Deem, S.L., and Karesh, W.B. 2001.  The Jaguar Health Program Manual.  Jaguar Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society.  Bronx, New York.  Pp. 1 - 45.



VACCINE RECOMMENDATIONS (Vaccine reactions, new vaccines to be considered):


Rabies (Canary pox felid vaccine)  - no reports to date on its use in jaguars. Please inform of any use of this vaccine to the SSP vet advisor.


No reaction reported to Vet SSP advisor



CONTRACEPTION (Methods used, successes, failures):


None reported to SSP vet advisor



ACTIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS (that the SSP is aware of at this time):


Dr. Linda Munson reproductive tract lesions in female jaguars.  Please submit reproductive tracts to Dr. Munson


Drs. Rebecca Spindler, Janine Brown, and Valerie Conforti – Endocrine status of jaguars ex situ as a step towards genetic management and development of a self-sustaining populaton.


Dr. Rebecca Spindler and Brazilian collaborators have a number of projects looking at captive and free-living jaguars for reproductive health of males and females.





SSP veterinary advisor is working to obtain this information from the SSP nutritional advisor. 




It is recommended that any jaguar with epistaxis is worked up for this condition.




None to report





A preliminary assessment of cattle management and jaguar conflicts in a remnant Chiquitano forest landscape of lowland Bolivia by the Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado.


A public/private partnership to understand and conserve jaguar habitat in the Yucatan by Stacey Johnson of the Fort Worth Zoo.


Dr. Kay Backus is working with veterinarians in Guatemala on captive jaguar health issues, importing new jaguars to increase the genetic pool of the USA jaguar population, and hopefully getting research on free-living jaguars up and running in that country.





Jaguar Species Survival Plan Guidelines for Captive Management of Jaguars.  2003. (ed. C. Law), 91 Pp.


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