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SSP/TAG:  Guenon    DATE:    2004-7 


Name:     Natalie Mylniczenko   e-mail: 

Address:  Brookfield Zoo, 3300 Golf Rd, Brookfield, Illinois 60513       

Phone: (day) 708-688-8505 (evening)   (FAX) 708-485-0269 

MORBIDITY (Significant illnesses/issues facing this species 2004-2007): 


Blue monkey (n=1)

Syles monkey (n=3)

Schmidt’s guenon (n=1) 

Intention tremors associated with elevated selenium, resolved

Sykes monkey (n=1) 

Colonic polyps

Sykes monkey (n=1) 

Irritable bowel disease

Diana monkey (n=1) 

Enteritis: Shigella/yersinia

Wolf’s guenon (n=1) 

Elevated liver enzymes, unknown etiology, lost to follow up

Blue monkey (n=1) 

Tail tip necrosis (frost bite)

Wolf’s guenon (n=1) 

Toxin ingestion, suspected

Diana monkey (n=1) 

Trauma due to conspecific aggression

Swamp monkey (n=1) 

Fracture radius

Diana monkey (n=1) 


Mona monkey (n=1) 

Blepharitis, suspected allergy

Crowned (Grey’s) (n=1) 


Diana monkey (n=1) 

Urinary tract infection

Diana monkey (n=1) 

MORTALITY (Causes of death in 2004-2007):

Cause of Death     SB #   Sex  Age 

Bronchointerstitial pneumonia     1.0  19d

Diana monkey (n=1) 

Dilated cardiomyopathy:      1.0

DeBrazza (n=1)        

Cardiomyopathy       1.0

Diana monkey (n=1) 

Myocardial fibrosis (mild), acute systemic shock,   1.0  18.5y

Mild renal tubular necrosis

Diana monkey (n=1) 

Myocardial fibrosis (severe)     1.0

Rhabdomyolysis, steatitis

Diana monkey (n=1) 

Cirrhotic liver; gingivitis

DeBrazza monkey (n=1)      1.0 

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis      0.1

Spot nosed guenon (n=1) 

P. multocida septicemia secondary to    0.1  1y 4m 14d 
coronavirus enteritis

DeBrazza (n=1) 

Otitis (complications with)

Blue monkey (n=1) 

Pregnancy toxemia, bacterial septicemia:    0.1  
blue monkey (n=1)

Head trauma

DeBrazza (n=1) 

Stroke, suspected; DJD, facial nerve paralysis, diarrhea

DeBrazza (n=1) 

Obesity/cardiovascular collapse     1.0  16y

Diana monkey (n=1) 


Blue monkey

Males:   Females:   Unknown:

DeBrazza monkey

Males:  2  Females: 1  Unknown:

Diana monkey

Males:  1  Females:   Unknown: 1

Mona monkey

Males:  1  Females: 3  Unknown: 1

Schmidt’s (spot nosed) guenon

Males:   Females:   Unknown: 1

Allen’s Swamp monkey

Males: 1  Females: 1  Unknown:

Crowned (Grey’s) guenon

Males:   Females: 1  Unknown:  

Schmidt’s (spot nosed) guenon

Number of pairs recommended for breeding: 2

Number of pairs bred: 1

Number of births: 2

      MALES:  mother-reared: 1   hand-reared:

      FEMALES: mother-reared:   hand-reared:

      UNKNOWN: mother-reared:1  


Number of pairs recommended for breeding: 1

Number of pairs bred: 2

Number of births:  3

      MALES:  mother-reared: 2   hand-reared:

      FEMALES: mother-reared: 1  hand-reared:

      UNKNOWN: mother-reared:  

Mona monkey

Number of pairs recommended for breeding: 0

Number of pairs bred: 0

Number of births:  4

      MALES:  mother-reared: 1  hand-reared:

      FEMALES: mother-reared: 3 hand-reared:

      UNKNOWN: mother-reared:  


Number of pairs recommended for breeding: 2

Number of pairs bred: 2

Number of births:  2

      MALES:  mother-reared: 1   hand-reared:

      FEMALES: mother-reared: 1  hand-reared:

      UNKNOWN: mother-reared:   

ANESTHESTIC PROTOCOLS (Please list successful and unsuccessful protocols):  

Ketamine alone (10-17 mg/kg)

      Add midazolam 0.16 mg/kg

Medetomidine (25-60 ug/kg) and ketamine (3.5-7 mg/kg)

Ketamine/valium, minor complications reported (regurgitation, rough inductions)

Telazol (2-5 mg/kg)


VACCINE RECOMMENDATIONS (Vaccine reactions, new vaccines to be considered): 

Institutions have administered: 
No vaccines


Tetanus toxoid

Measles (one institution)

Pneumoccal (one institution) 

CONTRACEPTION (Methods used, successes, failures): 


MGA implant (successful)

Vasectomy, castration

Depo-provera 6.5 mg/kg (1 unsuccessful, 1 successful)

MGA implant (3 successful) 


VIRAL TESTING (tests performed): 

SIV    Positives reported (DeBrazza, Swamp)*

SFV   Positives reported (DeBrazza, Swamp, Sykes)

STLV   Positives reported (Sykes)

HSV-1   Negative 

HSV-2   Negative

Measles   Positives reported (Crowned, Swamp, Schmidt’s)

SA6   Positives reported (DeBrazza, Diana, Schmidt’s, Swamp)

SA8    Positives reported (Schmidt’s)

EBV   Positives reported (DeBrazza, Diana, Swamp, Sykes)

SRV   Positives reported (DeBrazza*, Swamp)

Herpes B  Negative

V/Z   Positives reported (Diana, Swamp*)

CMV   Positives reported (Crowned)

*False positive or suspect false 




Animals that have diabetes are being managed with dietary restriction of sugars.  


Insulin glargine is being used at two institutions with good success for managing diabetes. It provides a once a day injection versus the twice daily injections that are common.  






J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004 Dec;35(4):576-9.

Coexisting tricuspid valve dysplasia and ventricular septal defect in a young patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas). 
Sao-Ling L, Jane-Fang Y, Chian-Ren C, Shih-Chien C. 
J Zoo Wildl Med. 2007 Sep;38(3):471-4.

Profiles of a pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica-like variant with variations in the nucleotide sequence of the small subunit ribosomal RNA isolated from a primate (De Brazza's guenon). 
Suzuki J, Kobayashi S, Murata R, Yanagawa Y, Takeuchi T. 

J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004 Dec;35(4):580-3.

Clinical challenge. Mural thrombus and external iliac arterial thromboemboli resulting from cardiomyopathy. 
Davis MR, Gamble KC. 

J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004 Mar;35(1):20-4.

Physiologic manifestations of stress from capture and restraint of free-ranging male African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). 
Suleman MA, Wango E, Sapolsky RM, Odongo H, Hau J. 

J Virol. 2008 Apr;82(7):3713-24. Epub 2008 Jan 23.    
Simian immunodeficiency virus SIVagm dynamics in African green monkeys.

Pandrea I, Ribeiro RM, Gautam R, Gaufin T, Pattison M, Barnes M, Monjure C, Stoulig C, Dufour J, Cyprian W, Silvestri G, Miller MD, Perelson AS, Apetrei C.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jul;13(7):1111-3.  
Rickettsia parkeri in Brazil.

Silveira L, Pacheco RC, Szabó MP, Ramos HG, Labruna MB. 

Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2007 Sep;14(9):1158-64. Epub 2007 Jul 25.  
PrimaTB STAT-PAK assay, a novel, rapid lateral-flow test for tuberculosis in nonhuman primates.

Lyashchenko KP, Greenwald R, Esfandiari J, Greenwald D, Nacy CA, Gibson S, Didier PJ, Washington M, Szczerba P, Motzel S, Handt L, Pollock JM, McNair J, Andersen P, Langermans JA, Verreck F, Ervin S, Ervin F, McCombs C. 

J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2007 Mar;46(2):92-6.  
Uterine epithelioid trophoblastic tumor in an African green monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus).

Chu D, Shih IeM, Knezevich M, Sheth S. 

Vet Pathol. 2006 Jan;43(1):75-8.  
Disseminate Cryptococcosis in a guenon (Cercopithecus ascanius).

Helke KL, Denver MC, Bronson E, Mankowski JL. 

J Comp Pathol. 2005 Aug-Oct;133(2-3):218-22.

Uterine epithelioid trophoblastic tumour in a red-tailed guenon (Cercopithecus ascanius).

Cooper TK, Shih IM, Gabrielson KL. 

J Parasitol. 2004 Dec;90(6):1356-60.  
Gastrointestinal parasites of the guenons of western Uganda.

Gillespie TR, Greiner EC, Chapman CA.

Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. 2005 Jan;44(1):29-34.  
Effects of age and sex on hematologic and serum biochemical values of vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus).

Sato A, Fairbanks LA, Lawson T, Lawson GW. 

J Infect Dis. 2004 Dec 1;190(11):1895-9. Epub 2004 Nov 3.

Comment in:

J Infect Dis. 2004 Dec 1;190(11):1893-4.  
A serological survey of Ebola virus infection in central African nonhuman primates. 
Leroy EM, Telfer P, Kumulungui B, Yaba P, Rouquet P, Roques P, Gonzalez JP, Ksiazek TG, Rollin PE, Nerrienet E.

Retrovirology. 2004 Oct 28;1:34 
Seroprevalence of simian immunodeficiency virus in wild and captive born Sykes' monkeys (Cercopithecus mitis) in Kenya.

Ellis BR, Munene E, Elliott D, Robinson J, Otsyula MG, Michael SF.


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